ELECTRIC TRANSPORT IN LATIN AMERICA
past & present
homepage of ALLEN MORRISON

This website is an extension of my books The Tramways of Brazil and The Tramways of Chile, which were published, respectively, on paper, in 1989 and 1992. Digital surveys of The Tramways of other countries have been created and uploaded as follows: Paraguay in 2000, Cuba in 2002, Mexico in 2003, Haiti and Peru in 2004, Bolivia in 2005, Ecuador and Venezuela in 2006, Colombia in 2007, Costa Rica, Guyana, Jamaica, Panama, Puerto Rico and Trinidad & Tobago in 2008, Barbados and El Salvador in 2009, Curaçao in 2012 and Aruba in 2013. Many of these pages have versions in other languages: Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch, Belorussian, Macedonian, Romanian, Ukrainian, et al. A facsimile edition (with pictures and maps) of my 1989 Brazil book was added in 2010 and, as shown below, many of the discussions of the Brazilian systems have been expanded in digital form with new information and illustrations. There are pages about trolleybus systems in ten countries and pages on general topics. Surveys of Argentina and Uruguay are in preparation.

recent additions:
6/2014: Mexican Funeral Trams, 1870-1930 - 19 illustrations
5/2014: The Double-Deck Trams of Valparaíso, Chile - 39 photos, 2 maps
1/2014: TROLEFOLIA - Os Trólebus do Brasil: 116 fotografias antigas

Current operations: what's running today - quick inventory
The Tramways of Latin America in 2014 - descriptions, 20 maps, 36 photos
The Trolleybuses of Latin America in 2014 - 11 systems, 8 maps, 30 photos

Chronology: electric transport inaugurations 1883-
Chronology: electric transport closures 1898-
Track gauges in millimeters and inches
Tramway pioneers: history, description, 16 photos
Tranvías pioneros: historia, descripción, 16 fotos
Trolleybus installations: dates and data
Trolleybus pioneers: history, description, 13 photos
Trolebuses pioneros: historia, descripción, 13 fotos
Battery-Powered Trams, Trains and Buses

Association of American Geographers award for this site
Transport Maps drawn by Allen Morrison

Os Trólebus do Brasil: 116 fotos tiradas em 10 cidades brasileiras
[fotografias do fotolog "TROLEFOLIA" extinto em 2013]
3 videos: Recife, Itatinga and Tirirical (São Luís), Brazil, in 1980
Páginas com textos em português

Páginas con textos en español

Page avec texte en français

My bibliography: my 3 books on paper
Monsacro (Spain) blog on 10 of my illustrations
Newark (NJ, USA) Broad Street Station Line
John Rossman's Tram Views of Asia: 19 countries, 41 photographs


geographical:
ARGENTINA
Argentina: Pedidos de Tranvías Eléctricos...
Buenos Aires - all-time tramway map, 27 systems
Buenos Aires - electric railways: map

Buenos Aires - tramway: commemorative postage stamps
Buenos Aires - Tren de la Costa: postcard views
Córdoba - trolleybus system: 6 photos, map
Mar del Plata - heritage tramway: description, map, 17 photos
Mendoza - Trams, Trolleybuses, Metrotranvía
Mendoza - Tramvaie, Troleibuze, Metrotranvía - text in Romanian
R
osario - trolleybus line: 4 photos
Valle Hermoso - tramway: 2 photos

ARUBA
The Streetcars of Oranjestad: description, 20 photographs, 2 maps

BARBADOS
The Tramways of Bridgetown, Barbados: history, 18 illustrations, map

BOLIVIA
The Tramways of Bolivia: history, maps, 102 illustrations
Los Tranvías de Bolivia: historia, mapas, 102 ilustraciones

The Tramways of Cochabamba: history, 28 illustrations, 2 maps
(More photographs of Cochabamba taken by Rodolfo Torrico Zamudio)
Los Tranvías de Cochabamba: historia, 28 ilustraciones, 2 mapas
(Más fotografías de Cochabamba tomadas por Rodolfo Torrico Zamudio)
The Tramways of La Paz: history, 54 illustrations, map
Los Tranvías de La Paz: historia, 54 ilustraciones, mapa
Los Tranvías de La Paz: versión Ferropedia [texto, mapa, link > fotos]
The Tramways of Potosí: history, 9 illustrations, map
Los Tranvías de Potosí: historia, 9 ilustraciones, mapa
The Tramways of Oruro and Huanchaca: history, 4 illustrations
Los Tranvías de Oruro y Huanchaca: historia, 4 ilustraciones

BRAZIL
The Tramways of Brazil: text (only) of my book
The Tramways of Brazil: complete, scanned, facsimile version of my book - 197 pages

"The Tramways of Brazil": review of my book
The Trams of Brazil in the Photographs of Carlheinz Hahmann - 29 illustrations
Os Bondes do Brasil nas Fotografias de Carlheinz Hahmann - 29 ilustrações
Os Trólebus do Brasil: 116 fotos tiradas em 10 cidades brasileiras
Além Paraíba - tramway history, 11 illustrations, 2 maps
Aparecida + Guaratinguetá: tramway history, 2 maps, 10 photographs

Aracaju, Brazil: tramway history, map, 17 photographs
Belém - old trams & the new (2005!) line: history, 24 photos, map

Belo Horizonte tramways: history, map, 27 photographs
Belo Horizonte tramways - text in Belorussian
Belo Horizonte tramways - text in Macedonian
Belo Horizonte tramways - text in Polish
Belo Horizonte: 1963 photograph of a Marmon-Herrington trolleybus
Bom Sucesso one-car tramway: 18 photos, 2 maps, charts
Brasília - metro: 2 maps

Brasília - metro: 8 photographs
Brazil - first railroads and tramways: map
Brazil - light rail (Rio & Campinas): 11 pages, 29 photos, 2 maps
Campinas tramways: 2 pages, text, maps, 24 photos
Campinas tramway system map
Campinas VLT = LRV line, 1991-1995
Campos (dos Goytacazes) - trams & trolleybuses: text, 24 pix, 2 maps
Campos (dos Goytacazes) - bondes e trólebus: texto, 24 fotos, 2 mapas
Campos do Jordão - tramway: description, 40 photos, map
Campos do Jordão - tramway: map
Cuiabá - old tramway and new light rail: pictures, maps
Curitiba - tramway history, map, 18 illustrations
Curitiba - história dos bondes, mapa, 18 ilustrações
Guarujá - tramway history, 3 maps, 26 photographs
Itatinga - boat/tram video: 9 minutes, 1980
Itatinga - tramway: text, 2 photos
Juiz de Fora - tramway history, 58 photographs, 2 maps
Lavras - tramway history, map, 37 photographs
Macapá - pier tramway: description, 5 photos
Manaus - tramway history, map, 29 photographs
Niterói / São Gonçalo - trams & trolleybuses: text, maps, 44 photos
Pelotas - tramway history, map, 30 photographs
Pelotas - tramway history, map, 30 photographs - text in Ukrainian

Petrópolis - tramway history, 2 maps, 23 illustrations

Piracicaba - tramway history, 3 maps, 32 illustrations
Piracicaba - história dos bondes [página acima com texto em português]
Piraju - tramway history, 2 maps, 22 illustrations
Piraju - história dos bondes, 2 mapas, 22 fotografias
Porto Alegre - tramway history, map, 23 photographs
Porto Alegre - história dos bondes, mapa, 23 fotografias
Recife - tramway history, map, 49 photographs
Recife - trolleybus system: history, 13 photos
Recife - trolleybus system: map
Recife - trolleybus video: 7 minutes, 1980
Rio de Janeiro - Alto da Boa Vista tramway: text, 11 photos
Rio de Janeiro - BarraShopping Monorail: 2 photos
Rio de Janeiro - Santa Teresa tramway: drawings of 1953 model
Rio de Janeiro - Santa Teresa tramway: history, 41 photos
Rio de Janeiro - Santa Teresa tramway: map
Rio de Janeiro - Silvestre charter, 1996: description, 9 photos
Rio de Janeiro - Vila Jardim Santa Cecília monorail
Rio de Janeiro VLT = LRV line, 1982-1985
Rio Grande - tramway history, 3 maps, 29 illustrations
Sacramento - Electric Tramway: text, 14 illustrations, 4 maps
Salvador - elevators & funiculars: description, 11 photos
Salvador - rebuilt Pilar funicular: 10 photos by Raimundo Nonato
Salvador - suburban railway: description, 8 photos
Salvador - tram, train & metro: map
Salvador - tramway history, map, 42 photographs
Santos - article about my 1985 visit (in Portuguese)
Santos - preserved trams: 5 photos
Santos - tramway history, 32 photographs
Santos - map of tourist tramways
São Carlos - tramway history, map, 26 photographs
São Luís - tramway history, 4 maps, 30 photos
São Luís (Tirirical) - tramway video: 7 minutes, 1980
São Paulo ABCD Suburbs: transport map
São Paulo - trolleybus map from 2002
São Paulo - VLP or "fura-fila": 6 photos
Sorocaba - tramway history, map, 25 photographs
Vitória & Vila Velha - tramway history, map, 31 photos
Votorantim - electric railway history, map, 26 photographs

CHILE
The Tramways of Chile: text (only) of my book
Los Tranvías de Chile: versión en español de mi libro – 220 fotografías, 16 mapas!

American, Chinese, French & Swiss trolleybuses: 9 photos
Los Trolebuses Norteamericanos, Chinos, Franceses y Suizos: 9 fotos
Iquique - tourist tramway: 2 pages, 19 photos, English text
Iquique - tranvía turístico: 19 fotos, texto en españo
Iquique - tranvía antiguo/old tramway: 8 postales/postcards
The Trolleybuses of Santiago: Part A, 1940-1978 / Part B, 1991-1994 
Los Trolebuses de Santiago: Parte A, 1940-1978 / Parte B, 1991-1994  
The Double-Deck Trams of Valparaíso, Chile - 39 photos, 2 maps
The Trolleybuses of Valparaíso: Part A, 1952-1989
 / Part B, 1990-2000
Los Trolebuses de Valparaíso: Parte A, 1952-1989 / Parte B, 1990-2000  
Los Trolebuses Pullman de Valparaíso
Valparaíso's famous Pullman trolleybuses
Valparaíso trolleybus line: my newspaper article
Valparaíso trolleybuses in Placilla 
Los Troles porteños en Placilla 

COLOMBIA
The Tramways of Colombia: history, maps, 55 photographs
Los Tranvías de Colombia: historia, mapas, 55 fotografías

The Trams of Barranquilla: history, maps, 30 illustrations
The Tramways of Bogotá: history, 24 photographs, map
Los Tranvías de Bogotá: historia, 24 fotografías, mapa
The Trolleybuses of Bogotá: history, 31 photographs, map
Los Trolebuses de Bogotá: historia, 31 fotografías, mapa
The Trolley Café of Bogotá: history, map, 28 photos
The Tramways (and trolleybuses) of Medellín: history, map, 13 photos
Los Tranvías (y trolebuses) de Medellín: historia, mapa, 13 fotos  
The Tramways of Panama City: history, 19 illustrations, 2 maps
Los Tranvías de Ciudad de Panamá: historia, 19 ilustraciones, 2 mapas

COSTA RICA
The Tramways of Costa Rica: 4 systems, 4 maps, 21 photographs
The Tramways of Puntarenas, Cartago, San José & Guácimo

CUBA
The Tramways of Cuba: 14 systems, 123 photographs, 9 maps
Cuban Tram Stamps (images copied from the website above!)
Los Sellos Cubanos de Tranvías (versión en español)

CURAÇAO
Willemstad: tramway history, 2 maps, 10 photographs

ECUADOR
The Tramways of Ecuador: Guayaquil, Quito - history, maps, photographs
Los Tranvías de Ecuador: Guayaquil, Quito - historia, mapas, fotografías
The Tramways of Guayaquil - history, 2 maps, 27 photographs
Los Tranvías de Guayaquil - historia, 2 mapas, 27 ilustraciones
The Tramways of Quito - history, map, 17 photographs
 
Los Tranvías de Quito - historia, mapa, 17 fotografías
The Trolleybuses of Quito – history, map, 62 illustrations
Quito - trolleybus line: Kiepe mouse pad

EL SALVADOR
The Tramways of San Salvador, Santa Tecla, Sonsonate: 34 illustrations, 2 maps
Los Tranvías de San Salvador, Santa Tecla, Sonsonate: 34 ilustraciones, 2 mapas


GUATEMALA
Guatemala: Quezaltenango Electric Railway: history, 19 photos, 2 maps

Guatemala: FC Eléctrico de Quezaltenango: historia, 19 fotos, 2 mapas


GUYANA
The Tramways of Georgetown, British Guiana: text, map, 12 pictures

HAITI
The Tramways of Haiti: Port-au-Prince - history, map, 16 photos
Les Tramways d'Haïti: Port-au-Prince - histoire, mapa, 16 fotos


JAMAICA
The Tramways of Kingston, Jamaica: history, map, 17 photos
(page above recycled by Jamaicans.com)

MEXICO
The Tramways of Mexico: 46 webpages, 283 photographs, 21 maps
Guadalajara - old Tren Eléctrico map

Monterrey - metro: map
The Very Narrow Gauge Railways of Yucatán in 1988 & 1989

PANAMA
The Tramways of Panama: Panama City - history, 19 pictures, 2 maps
Los Tranvías de Panamá: Ciudad de Panamá - historia, 18 fotos, 2 mapas


PARAGUAY
The Tramways of Paraguay: Asunción - history, map, 18 photographs
Los Tranvías de Paraguay: Asunción - historia, mapa, 18 fotografías

Asunción - tramway: condom car

PERU
The Tramways of Peru: Lima, Arequipa, others - texts, maps, 97 pictures
Tranvías en el Perú: Spanish-language version of above by Luis A. Ramírez
Cybertheft – my photos & map stolen by a Lima newspaper!
The Tramways of Arequipa: history, map, 19 illustrations
The Tramways of Lima: history, map, 70 illustrations
Tranvías de Lima [en español]: historia, mapa, 69 ilustraciones
The Other Tramways of Peru: history, map, 23 illustrations
Lima (Barranco) heritage tramway: text, 15 photographs
Lima metro & tramway map

PUERTO RICO
The Tramways of Puerto Rico: San Juan - description, map, 33 photographs
Los Tranvías de Puerto Rico: San Juan - descripción, mapa, 33 fotografías
The Tramways of Mayagüez: history, map, 22 illustrations
The Tramways of Ponce: history, maps, 16 illustrations


TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

The Trams & Trolleybuses of Trinidad & Tobago: text, 3 maps, 28 pictures

URUGUAY
pages from other sources, websites, documents, news articles, etc.

VENEZUELA
The Tramways of Venezuela: history, maps, 70 pix
Los Tranvías de Venezuela: historia, mapas, 70 fotos
Caracas - tramway history, 35 photos, satellite view, map 
Caracas - historia del tranvía, 35 fotos, vista satelital, mapa 
Carúpano - tramway history, 7 photos, maps
Carúpano - historia del tranvía, 7 fotos, mapas
La Guaira & Caracas Railway – history, map, 23 illustrations
Ferrocarril La Guaira y Caracas - historia, mapa, 23 ilustraciones
Maiquetía, La Guaira & Macuto - tramway history, 18 photos, ma
Maiquetía, La Guaira y Macuto - historia, 18 fotos, map
Maracaibo - tramway history, 14 photos, 2 maps

Maracaibo - historia, 14 fotos, 2 mapas
Mérida - trolleybus system: description, map, 29 illustrations
Mérida - trolleybus system map
Valencia - tramway history, 8 photos, map
Valencia - historia del tranvía, 8 fotos, mapa
Valencia - metro: 2 photos of first cars


As of 7/2014 this website has 1,533 pages, 3,653 illustrations and 327 maps.
It was launched on 11 July 1998 and celebrated
its 15th birthday on 11 July 2013.
The author welcomes additions, corrections and suggestions. Please email me!
Archived by the
Internet Archive "WayBackMachine" since February 2003

www.tramz.com